Completing the Accounting Cycle, homework help

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  1. Question 1: 
    • Proficient:
      • You have taken over a set of accounting books for a small business as a part-time job. At the end of the first accounting period, you have partially completed the work sheet by entering the proper ledger accounts and balances in the Trial Balance columns. You turn to the manager and ask, “Where is the list of additional information I can use in entering the adjusting entries?” The manager indicates there is no such list. In all the text problems you have done, you have always been given this information. How would you obtain the information for this real-life situation?
    • Distinguished:
      • What are the consequences of not making all of the required adjustments at the end of the accounting period?
    • Question 2: 
      • Proficient:
        • After the Adjusted Trial Balance columns of a work sheet have been totaled, which account balances are extended to the Income Statement columns, the Statement of Retained Earnings columns, and the Balance Sheet columns?
      • Distinguished:
        • Describe how is the statement of retained earnings prepared.
      • Question 3: 
        • Proficient:
          • Describe, in order, the four basic steps in the closing process performed at the end of each accounting period.
          • Explain why the closing process is so important.
        • Distinguished:
          • After the closing process has been completed, what account types remain open?
        • Question 4: 
          • Proficient:
            • Describe how a classified balance sheet is different from a basic unclassified balance sheet.
            • List the major categories of accounts that would appear under assets, liabilities, and stockholder’s equity on a classified balance sheet.
          • Distinguished:
            • Rearrange the following steps in the accounting cycle in proper order:
              • Financial statements are prepared.
              • An adjusted trial balance is prepared.
              • Adjustment data are assembled and analyzed.
              • Adjusting entries are journalized.
              • Closing entries are journalized and posted to the ledger.
              • An unadjusted trial balance is prepared.
              • Transactions are posted to the ledger.
              • Transactions are analyzed and recorded in the general journal.
              • An optional end-of-period work sheet is prepared.
              • A post-closing trial balance is prepared.
          • Question 5: 
            • Proficient:
              • Describe how the current ratio is used to analyze financial results?
              • What are the components of the ratio and how is the ratio calculated?
              • What does the ratio indicate regarding a company’s financial position?
            • Distinguished:
              • Current assets and current liabilities for the Fortson Company are:
                • Current assets: 2013—$262,500; 2014—$310,500.
                • Current liabilities: 2013—$150,000; 2014—$172,500.
              • Determine the current ratio for 2013 and 2014. Does the change in the current ratio from 2013 to 2014 indicate a favorable or unfavorable trend?

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