Compose a 1250 words assignment on rehabilitation is the most valuable justification for imprisonment. Needs to be plagiarism free! Rehabilitation is aimed at reforming the characters of the offenders. Different programs are usually used to help them change their criminal behavior. These include therapy, education, interpersonal skills training, group or individual counseling, treatment given by service providers, and family intervention. Compared to punishment, rehabilitation works better in preventing re-offending by criminals. In fact, it has been found that prisoners who do not get any form of rehabilitation in prison are more likely to re-offend, which is often with more violent or more serious offenses (Gilligan, 2012). According to Gilligan (2012), prisons are meant to restrain violent offenders and at the same time, assist them in mending their ways, so that they return to their respective communities as changed individuals.
Prisons cannot deal with all the issues that are related to or that cause crime, such as offenses as a result of poverty and homelessness, alcohol abuse, drug abuse among others. Rehabilitation is a positive pathway that not only teaches and heals criminals, but it can prevent crimes from re-occurring. The practical justification for rehabilitative measures usually emphasizes benefits in the reduction of crime, its contribution to a wide range of risk management policy objectives, and the protection of the public.
Offenders are not the only ones who benefit from rehabilitation, but rather “communities and potential victims” (Robinson & Crow, 2009, p. .162). Therefore, rehabilitation is an affirmative road that can prevent the reoccurrence of crime. Below are some of the approaches to rehabilitation that prevent offenders from repeating their criminal acts.
According to Stevens, the programs aim at getting rid of dysfunctional thinking and anti-social behaviors, substituting this with “creative, abstract and consequential thinking, interpersonal problem-solving skills and social perspective-taking” (2012, p. 2). Specially trained personnel facilitate these programs. Psychological rehabilitation supports positive individual change in the offender.