Word has gotten around that you know accounting and can explain it well. Jim, another of your friends has a unique business. During the summer he buys hats that cost $5.00 each and sells them at the beach for $12.00 each. Other than the cost of the hat, his only other expense last summer was $120 for parking. He sold 78 hats last summer. His accountant prepared a financial statement for him and he has several questions about the income statement. He asks:
- What does the cost of goods sold and gross profit mean?
- How much gross profit do I make on each hat?
- Why show both gross profit and net income?
- Using Jim’s information, calculate his cost of goods sold, gross profit and net income – show your calculations
If I have hats returned or a give a discount, how will that be shown on the income statement?