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Narrative for the Integrative Personality Theory
Paper

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, review sections
1.2, 1.3, and 1.4 of Chapter 1 in the text. In addition, read the e-book
sections by Glanz (n.d.) and Saucier and Srivastava (2015).

The major
assignment for this course is the development of your personal Integrative
Personality Theory. In this paper, you will select one concept from each of the
seven models covered in this course to include in your theory. Note that this
is not meant to be an overview of each model, and the paper cannot focus on just
one model. Rather, you are to select a specific concept from a theory in each
model, and you must include one concept from each of the seven models in your
final paper. Click here for examples of some of the main concepts from the Psychodynamic Model

In this
week’s assignment, you will begin work on the final paper. You will complete
the specific secions of the paper that are indicated below. This allows you to
begin work on this major assignment and receive formative feedback from your
instructor in order to improve final submission. Please visit the Ashford
Writing Center for guidance on how to format headings in APA Style.

Instructions for the week three required
sections:

Introduction: Provide a general introduction
to the topic of theories of personality. Explain what you plan to cover and
describe the direction your paper will take. Note: This section will not feature
a heading.

Major Concepts
In this section, you
will present the seven specific concepts identified from the seven models you
think best apply to the study of personality in distinct subheadings. For each
concept, identify the major personality model from which the concept was taken
as well as the theorist associated with that model. Each concept section should
be approximately 3-4 paragraphs. For week three, you need to complete
two of the seven total required by week five.

Click here for an
example of how to structure your discussion of each concept.

  • Psychodynamic Model Concept
  • Neurobiological Model Concept
  • Behavioral Model Concept
  • Cognitive Model Concept
  • Interpersonal/relational Model Concept
  • Trait Model Concept
  • Self-Psychology Model Concept

Excluded Concepts

In this section, present the concepts you have chosen to exclude
in your theory of personality development. Reflect on the basic assumptions
that define personality and identify three specific excluded concepts from any
of the theories studied in the course. For each of the excluded concepts,
provide a rationale explaining the various aspects of the concept that make it
unsuitable for your use and compare and contrast it with the concepts you have
chosen to include. Each concept will be approximately 2-3 paragraphs.
In week three you need to flesh out the section for one of the three-all
three are due in week five.


The Differences between
Healthy and Unhealthy Personalities

Describe the basic differences
between healthy and unhealthy personality, based on the concepts that you have
chosen to include and exclude from your theory. This section will be
approximately two to four paragraphs. Start the draft in week three to
be finalized in week five.


The Roles of Heredity, the
Environment, and Epigenetics

Provide your analysis of the roles
heredity, the environment, and epigenetics play in the development of
personality. Discuss how heredity and the environment might affect personality
disorders. This section will be approximately three to five paragraphs.
Start the draft in week three to be finalized in week five.


Assessment and Measurement of the Theory
There is no
requirement in week three for this-the section must be completed by week
five.

Self-Reflection
In this section of
the paper, review the self-reflection you wrote in Week One of this class and
describe how and in what ways your views have or have not changed. Analyze your
Week One self-assessment using the concepts that you have included in your
integrative theory and describe how your theory explains your personality. This
section will be approximately four to six paragraphs. Start the draft
in week three to be finalized in week
five.

Conclusion: There is no requirement in
week three for this-the section must be completed by week five.

Research
a minimum of four of the eight scholarly sources related to these concepts in
the Ashford University Library to support your statements in the paper. Popular
websites and your textbook may augment, but they will not count toward the
minimum number of sources needed for the paper.

The
assignment:

  • Must be four to five double-spaced pages in length (not including title page
    and references page) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the
    Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must use at least four scholarly sources in addition to the course text.
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing
    Center.
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA
    style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Examples of some of the main concepts from the Psychodynamic Model

To help you in this exercise, here is a partial list of the main theorists and concepts from the psychodynamic model. In the Main Concepts section of your paper, you will need to include ONE concept from this model to include.

Freud:

• The basic Instincts—sex and aggression

• Psychosexual development

• Id-Ego-Superego

• Conscious –preconscious –unconscious

• Defense Mechanisms

Jung:

• Individuation

• Collective Unconscious–Archetypes

• Synchronicity

• Introversion and extroversion

Adler:

• Birth order

• Feelings of Inferiority

• Goal directed behavior

Winnicott:

• Object relations

• Good enough mother

Erikson:

• Psychosocial development—the Epigenetic Principle

• Identity Development

Kohut:

• Narcissism

Malan:

• Triangle of conflict

Example of how to structure your discussion of each concept

SAMPLE

From the psychodynamic model, I have chosen to include Jung’s concept of the collective unconscious. I am including this because I believe that there are aspects to our personalities that we cannot explain from our own experiences alone. Jung postulates that the collective unconscious is comprised of instincts and archetypes that are not ours personally, but that we all share as a species. Jung studied numerous cultures and spent time living among indigenous societies in his attempt to understand the human psyche. He was also very interested in mythology and noted that similar myths and symbols existed across cultures and time. Jung noted that these similar “psychic processes are peculiar to any human being of any time; that is, they have an ahistorical and an atemporal structural nature, regardless of culture” ((Iurato, 2015, p. 64). In other words, virtually all cultures and peoples create some kind of shared religious practice, which is often an integral part of their identities. Wars and conflicts in the Middle East illustrate this point.

The collective unconscious cannot be understood without including a discussion of archetypes. These are universal symbols that help us to envision and make sense of the world around us. Jung believed that there were several archetypes that we all experience and can access and that increasing our awareness of them will help us to better understand ourselves and live in the world. Two important archetypes that are relevant to the study of personality are the anima/animus and the shadow. The anima/animus represent the unconscious feminine in the masculine and the unconscious masculine in the feminine. Jung believed that these archetypes were always at play in our interpersonal relationship with the opposite sex in that we project our inner feminine or masculine onto our partners and react to that projection rather than to the person with 

whom we are involved. The expression and/or suppression of masculine and

feminine inside each of us play a role in the development of our personalities (Laughlin & Tibera, 2012).

The shadow represents what is commonly referred to as our “dark side.” But it is bigger than that. It encompasses all the things about us that we do not want to accept. Humans tend to repress their shadow as unacceptable, but Jung says that the shadow can be a source of vibrant creativity if acknowledged and managed. Otherwise the shadow will manage us. The shadow can also explain healthy and unhealthy personalities. Jung says that a repressed shadow will find ways to escape. If we can acknowledge and embrace our shadow, we can channel its energy into creative outlets. If we deny or repress our shadow, then that energy will express itself in unhealthy ways. So from a Jungian perspective, some of the differences between healthy and unhealthy personalities can be explained by our ability to face, embrace, and express the archetypes that exist in our collective unconscious.

Iurato, G. (2015). A brief comparison of the unconscious as seen by Jung and Levi-Strauss [PDF]. Anthropology of Consciousness, 26(1), 60-107. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/anoc.12032.

Laughlin, C. D., & Tiberia, V. A. (2012). Archetypes: Toward a Jungian anthropology of consciousness. Anthropology of Consciousness, 23(2), 127-157. doi:10.1111/j.1556-3537.2012.01063.x

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