HS111: Medical Terminology
INSTRUCTIONS: Guided Response: Choose two classmates and respond by identifying their four medical terms and label any combining forms, prefixes, and/or suffixes. (Minimum 75 words each)
CLASSMATE POST #1
Subjective: Mrs. Jones came into the office today complaining of fatigue, palpitations, exophthalmos, unintentional weight loss, and polydipsia. Mr. Jones has a family history of Graves’ disease.
Objective: Upon exam I noticed a slight tremor in fingers, goiter, tachycardic, overactive reflexes, eye changes and warm, moist skin. I then sent Mrs. Jones to go get blood work done to check her TSH and T4 levels and an ultrasound of the thyroid to check for thyroid nodules. VS: BP-165/99, P-120, T-97.5, R-20, and O2-94.
Assessment: Pt’s blood work showed high levels of T4 and low levels of TSH, this shows an overactive thyroid. Her ultrasound came back positive for thyroid nodules. All of these results indicate hyperthyroidism.
Plan: I would like Mrs. Jones to start anti-thyroid medications methimazole and propylthiouracil. Her symptoms should improve within several weeks. To treat the pt’s tachycardia and tremor of the hands, I would also like Mrs. Jones to take beta blockers, just until her thyroid levels come down back to normal.
Mayo Clinic. (2020, January 7). Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid). Retrieved May 20, 2020, from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyperthyroidism/symptoms-causes/syc-20373659
Jones, S. L. (2019). Acquiring medical language. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education.
CLASSMATE POST #2
One disease in the Endocrine system is menopause. Menopause is the time that marks the end of your menstrual cycles. It’s diagnosed after you’ve gone 12 months without a menstrual period. It can happen in your 40s or 50s, but the average age is 51 in the United States. Menopause is a natural biological process. Such symptoms include hot flashes, emotions that can disrupt your sleep, and causes you to have less energy. Symptoms, including changes in menstruation, are different for every woman. Some signs and symptoms of menopause are: irregular periods, vaginal dryness, chills, night sweats, sleep problems, mood changes, weight loss and slowed metabolism, and thinning hair and dry skin. Menstrual periods will skip a month and return, or skip several months and then start monthly cycles again for a few months. Menopause requires no medical treatment. Instead, treatments focus on relieving your signs and symptoms and preventing or managing chronic conditions that may occur with aging. Treatments women can seek is hormone therapy, vaginal estrogen, low-dose antidepressants, gabapentin, clonidine, and medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis.
HS200: Disease of the Human Body
INSTRUCTIONS: Please review the Discussion Board grading rubric attached to understand how your posts will be evaluated. You need to make 2 or more responses to your classmates or instructor and your responses should be around 75 words.
CLASSMATE POST #3
Skin cancer is the irregular growth of skin cells that often develops on skin exposed to the sun. This cancer also occurs on areas of your skin not typically exposed to sunlight. There are 3 main types of skin cancer, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma. Basal cell carcinoma generally occurs in sun-exposed parts of your body, such as your neck or face. These areas can appear flesh colored or a brownish scar like lesion as well as a scabbing sore that heals and then returns. Squamous cell carcinoma occurs on sun-exposed areas of your body, such as your face, ears, and hands. People with darker skin often develop this type of skin cancer on areas that are not usually exposed to the sun. Squamous cell carcinoma may appear as a firm red nodule as well as a flat lesion with a scaly or crusted surface. Lastly Melanoma can develop anywhere on your body, it can affect people of any skin tone, and occur on skin that has not been exposed to the sun. This type most often appears on occur on skin that has not been exposed to the sun and commonly on the lower legs of women. Some of the way’s melanoma can appear is as a big brownish spot on the skin with darker speckles. Also, as a mole that changes in color, size, or that bleeds and is usually a painful lesion. Your doctor may choose to remove any suspicious-looking skin for lab testing. A biopsy then would be performed to determine whether you have skin cancer and, if so, which type of skin cancer you have. There are many types of treatments for skin cancer such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy, Photodynamic therapy, and Excision surgery. These treatments are based on the case and severity of the cancer.
A side from skin cancer, breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed in women in the United States. Breast cancer can happen in both men and women, but generally most common in women. Breast cancer arises when breast cells begin to grow unusually. These cells divide more quickly than normal healthy cells do. These cells continue to gather and form a lump or mass. The cells may spread through the breast to the lymph nodes or other sections of the body. Doctors have guesstimate that about 5 to 10 percent of breast cancers can link back to gene mutations passed through generations. There are many ways a doctor can go about diagnosing one with breast cancer. Some of these ways are with a breast exam, mammogram, a breast MRI or by taking a biopsy. A physician will determine the best course of action or treatment based upon the stage, grade, size, and whether the cancer cells are sensitive to hormones. In some case patients will undergo chemo, radiation, immune or hormone therapy. In other cases, surgery is the course of action taken where the lump or lymph nodes is removed, or a full removal of the cancerous breast happens as well as both breast being removed.
CLASSMATE POST #4
What are the available CAM treatments for cancer…..
CAM stands for Complementary and Alternative Medicine which is a term that for medical and practices that are not part of standard medical care. These doctors would be like medical doctors, physical therapists, physician assistance, psychologists and R.N’s. There are several standard medicine which may also be called biomedicine, allopathic, Western, mainstream, orthodox, or even just our regular medicine. Standard medical care practitoner’s are also part of the CAM. Complementary medicine is treatment used along with our regular medical treatments. Alternative medicine is treatment that is used instead of standard medical treatments, but these are nor considered to be standard treatments. An then there is Integrative medicine which is total approach to medical care that combines standard medicine with the CAM practiced that have been safe and effective. This treatment is good for the patients spirit, body and most of all the soul.
Are these approaches safe???? Well with the reading that I found looks to me that it is about 50/50. Some therapist say that they are safe and have been found to be effective, and the other half says no that they were not ineffectiveness and could also be harmful. The number in research has slowed down for the reasoning of ….. funding and time, problems finding institutions and cancer researchers to work on the study. and finally regulatory issues.
What should cancer patients do when using and considering CAM therapies? They should talk about all there benefits from this and if they are safe. Choosing to use complementary or alternative therapies. Knowing that some of these therapy may interfere with normal treatments and can be harmful for some people. Do their research to see what has been proven that works for what they are battling. Talk with someone about going to a cancer treatment center where that is what they specialize in doing there or some one who can help them figure the best soultion for them and their family.
There are some goverment agencies that a patient could talk with ….