Understanding the difference between stressors that are within your control and those that are not contributes to the foundation of how to resolve or manage the stressor. Lazarus and Folkman, in the early 1980s, introduced problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. In the act of primary appraisal, Lazarus and Folkman’s model considers personal beliefs, commitments, goals, and past experiences as the criteria through which threatening events are filtered as perception of the stressor is developed. Imagine how these model characteristics might affect whether emotion-focused or problem-focused coping is used when dealing with a specific stressor.
For this Application Assignment review this week’s Learning Resources. Also in reviewing Chapter 17 of the Handbook of Stress Science course text, the “Focus on Coping” handout, and the introduction to Discussion Question 2 from Week 2, consider both effective and ineffective forms of coping styles. Then think about which coping styles are more common for the population you selected in Week 3. Finally, reflect on how you might address the ineffective forms of these coping styles.
The Assignment (3–5 page APA-formatted essay)
- Describe one example each for effective problem-focused, emotion-focused, and biology-focused coping mechanisms and explain why each is effective.
- Describe one example each for ineffective problem-focused, emotion-focused, and biology-focused coping mechanisms and explain why each is ineffective.
- Explain two approaches you might use to address the most common ineffective coping mechanisms for the population you selected in Week 3.
Support your Application Assignment with specific references to all resources used in its preparation. You are to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.