Health promotion and disease prevention are the main focus for the future of healthcare. The “participatory health model” is a theory to promote teamwork between patients, family and health care professionals. It’s a model with the idea of “incorporating shared decision making into patient-centered medicine” with the result in improved health care by including evidence-based practice (Levy et al., 2016). The participatory health model has gained substantial recognition in recent years due to the high patients’ satisfaction. “Patients feel respected and in control when the healthcare process is transparent, informative, reasonably convenient and collaborative (Society for Participatory Medicine, 2017).” This inclusion process and collaborative approach enable health care professionals to deliver a tailored care plan for patients and families. Having control in personal health planning will bring a higher success rate to reach outcomes. Shared-decision partnership with health care professionals like physicians and nurses can empower patients to make behavioral changes for individual well-being.
Some of the barriers that can affect learning are language barriers such as English as a second language, education literacy or healthcare illiteracy, physical limitations barriers like hearing loss, visual problem, or mobility issues, physiological barriers like attention deficit disorder and dyslexia. All obstacles need to be recognized and address to promote successful teaching to patients. Learning barriers impact care delivery from health care workers to patients and families (Beagley, 2011).
Learning readiness indicates how likely a person is to seek out knowledge and participate in behavior change. Many factors influence a patient’s readiness to learn. Anxiety or denial can both negatively impact readiness to learn (Livne et al., 2017). If the patient is not ready to make changes with their health, no one can force it. Nurses can encourage and promote healthier choices by providing strong rationales and evidenced-based research to influence changes and better outcomes.
Beagley L. (2011), Educating patients: understanding barriers, learning styles, and teaching techniques. Journal of Perianesth Nurs. 2011 Oct;26(5):331-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jopan.2011.06.002. Retrieved from,https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21939886
Levy, S. E., Frasso, R., Colantonio, S., Reed, H., Stein, G., Barg, F. K., & Fiks, A. G. (2016). Shared decision making and treatment decisions for young children with autism spectrum disorder. Academic Pediatrics, 16(6), 571-577. Retrieved from, https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs429vn/health-promotion-…
Livne, Y., Peterfreund, I, Sheps, J. (2017) Barriers to patient education and their relationship to nurses’ perceptions of patient education climateRetrieved from, http://www.sciedupress.com/journal/index.php/cns/a…
Society for Participatory Medicine, (2017) What is Participatory Medicine?Retrieved from, https://participatorymedicine.org/what-is-participatory-medicine/.
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